Scientific Website on Urban Improvement Districts

Urban Improvement Districts:
Business, Housing and Neighbourhood Improvement Districts

This is a website of the HafenCity University Hamburg (Department of Urban Planning) on Urban Improvement Districts (BID, HID, NID) for scientific use.

The website is online since June 2007. More than 410  links to projects, statutories and publications in Germany and worldwide are available at the moment and the number is steadily growing.
Nearly 3.700 visitors per month and almost 6.000 page impressions per month on average demonstrate the large and growing interest in our website and the issue of Urban Improvement Districts, especially in Germany.

The initially North-American model of Urban Improvement Districts is still a fairly new instrument for urban development in Europe and Germany. Today you will find BID-legislation and projects only in the UK, the Republic of Ireland and ten of the 16 German states (Bundeslander): Baden-Wuerttemberg, Berlin, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, North Rhine Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein. More than 50 BIDs are in implementation in these German states, some of them running their second term already.

The Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, one of the 16 German states, was first to introduce a BID-legislation in Germany in 2005.
And since December 2007 Hamburg has the first legislation for Housing or Neighbourhood Improvement Districts (HID or NID), too. They are called "Innovation Neighbourhoods" in Hamburg. This is the first transfer of the legislative BID-model to residential neighbourhoods in Europe. The housing estate Steilshoop in Hamburg is designated as the first Innovation Neighbourhood in Hamburg based on this legislation.

Presentations and Publications

A presentation on the German experience with Urban Improvement Districts from a BID Conference in Stockholm in October 2009 is available here.
A presentation on joint proprietor activities and Private Initiatives in Urban Development from informal to legalised models from April 2010 is available here.
A presentation on the Hamburg BID Experience in practice incl. an overview of the German situation and the NID Steilshoop from March 2013 is available here.

An overview over BID developments in Germany is available in a publication of the German Federation of Chambers DIHK. The publication is available here.

An article on the planned BID Nikolaiquartier in the City Centre of Hamburg is available here.

A scientific publication in English on this issue from Stefan Kreutz / HCU (The Model of NID in Hamburg - New strategies for private sector involvement in area development - 2007) is available for a download here.

The Article "Neighbourhood Improvement Districts in Germany - A new Form of Urban Governance for the Improvement of Residential Areas" from Frank Friesecke and Silja Lockemann can be found here.

The Article Urban Improvement Districts in Germany: New legal instruments for joint proprietor activities in area development from Stefan Kreutz / HCU in the Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal Volume 2, Issue 4 (April 2009) is not available for a download. Please get in touch with us to receive more information on this publication

Our research at HCU Hamburg on the practical experience with Urban Improvement Districts in Hamburg and Germany is part of the transnational project
Making Places Profitable - Public and Private Open Spaces (MP4),
funded by the European Union via Interreg IVB Northsearegion (NSR) from 2008-2012. 

A case study report from the MP4 project on the Hamburg BID experience is avaiable for download here.

The MP4 Midterm Conference "Place Matters!" took place in Hamburg on December 9th and 10th 2010.

The MP4 Final Conference "Green Growth:New Shoots" took place in Sheffield/UK on May 9th and 10th 2012.

Overview over the structure of the website

For many links in English on the international experience with the BID-model in many countries worldwide (projects, publications and statutories) please click here and use the pull-down menu for further navigation.
You will find several scientific publications in English on different relevant issues of the BID-concept, too.

German Information about BID legislation, models and projects in Germany is available here.

Publications about and discussion on the new model of Housing or Neighbourhood Improvement Districts and the first pilot-project for a HID in the estate of Steilshoop in Hamburg can be found here.

All publications and presentations on Urban Improvement Districts from our research team at the HafenCity University HCU are available here.


We would be happy to receive any comments on our website and helpful hints to further available online information regarding Urban Improvement Districts.
If you are interested in further information about our research and the situation in Germany, please get in touch with us via e-mail.

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